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A little history of Orange County, New York.

ORANGE - a county in the S.E. part of New York, has an area of about 770 square miles. It is bounded on the E. by the Hudson river, and on the S. by the State of New Jersey, and is drained by Walkill and Shawangunk rivers, and other smaller streams, which afford valuable water-power. The surface in the S.E. parts is mountainous, and the Shawangunk range passes through the western portion. The other parts of the county are usually, but moderately uneven. The soil is generally fertile, and well adapted to grazing, and the "Orange County butter" is highly esteemed in the New York markets. Indian corn, oats, potatoes, and grass are the staples. In 1850 this county produced 491,074 bushels of corn; 390,834 of oats; 146,331 of potatoes; 96,593 tons of hay, and 3,769,034 pounds of butter. There were 49 flour mills, 36 saw mills, 8 cotton, and 8 woolen factories, 3 iron furnaces, 3 paper mills, 18 tanneries, and 4 oilcloth factories. It contained 67 churches, 9 newspaper offices, 9492 pupils attending public schools, and 912 attending academies or other schools. Iron ore, marble, limestone, and sandstone are abundant. The Hudson river is navigable for ships along the entire eastern border. The Delaware and Hudson canal, and the New York and Erie railroad traverse this county, which is also partly intersected by the Newburg Branch railroad. Seats of justice, Goshen and Newburg. Population, 57,145.
page 862 Baldwin, Thomas and J. Thomas, M.D. New and Complete Gazetteer of the United States.
Philadelphia, PA: Lippincott, Grambo, & Co., 1854



Early Orange County History

    Dating back to its formation under a colonial law of 1683, Orange is one of the oldest of the counties in the State. It was reestablished in 1788, and had its boundaries finally determined April 3, I80I. In 1799, Rockland was set off, and five towns from Ulster added. Newburgh and Goshen were jointly the shire villages. The county was divided at this time into the towns of Blooming Grove, Chesekook, Deer Park, Goshen, Minisink, Montgomery, New Windsor, Newburgh, Wallkill and Warwick. The county has an area of nearly half a million square acres; fronts on both the Hudson and Delaware, and is bounded on the south and west by the States of New Jersey and Pennsylvania. Sullivan and Ulster counties supply the west and north lines, the Hudson the east.

    Few sections of New York can equal the district in the variety and picturesqueness of terrain. The most and best of the Hudson highlands, with Storm King, Cro'Nest and Bear Mountain dominating the landscape, is one of its natural beauties. The central part is one wide range of rolling surface, broken by deep valleys; on the west are the Shawangunk mountains. There are valleys in which the richest bottom lands have been cultivated for more than two centuries, such as the Neversink. Lakes are to be seen in profusion, some of the best roads making them accessible to all. Even the swamp lands, such as those in the "Drowned Lands," have both charm and utility, since drainage has been used in their development. The geology is as interesting as the topography, although minerals of commercial value are few.

    Of the part played by the county in the history of the State and Nation, it is well to recall that this section was intimately associated with some of the crucial events of the Revolution. Not only was there a continuous movement of troops through the region, for West Point was on the county's frontier, but near the close, the last cantonment of the war was in Orange, and Washington passed the greater part of his time here. When the army went into winter headquarters at Little Britain in 1782, with the end of the war in sight, there grew the idea that a republic was an impossibility as a form of government, and Washington was suggested as the king of a limited monarchy. He was a resident of the county when such an offer was made to him by Colonel Nicola. The stern rejection of the idea is well known, and in his utterance he assured the establishment of a free government.

    Hope Farm Press 252 Main Street Saugerties NY 12477

    Read more about it! . . .

  • The Early History of Orange County

  • The Concise History of Orange County

New York - Orange is Fastest Growing County in NYS

New York - Orange County and Westchester County were neck and neck in terms of population growth in New York State from July 1, 2006 to July 1, 2007.

Orange's population grew by 3,069 people over that one-year span while in Westchester County, it grew 3,245.
By percentage, Orange remains the fastest growing county in the state, with a 10.5 percent increase from 2000 to 2007.

No other county in the Hudson Valley or Catskills regions came close. Sullivan County grew by 600 people. Dutchess and Rockland counties each grew by 500 people, and Putnam County grew by 200 residents. In Ulster County, 40 more people were added to the population last year.

As of July 1, 2007, the population of each county was:

Westchester 951, 325
Orange County 377,169
Rockland 296,483
Dutchess 292,746
Ulster - 181,860
Putnam County 99,489
Sullivan County 76,303
Columbia County 62,363
Greene County 49,246







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